Fabric Types & Finishes

Our Most Common Used Knitted Fabrics

There are the most common fabrics used in our apparel manufacturing. We serve our customers with a complete apparel manufacturing solution from fiber to fashion, so if you are looking for any special custom fabric we can also help to provide a wide variety of single, double and flat knit fabrics with different auto/engineered feed stripe patterns through some well renowned knitting suppliers. We purchase yarns and use yarn dyeing where required from numerous reputed local dyeing mills.

Polar Fleece Knit Fabric

Polar fleece knit fabric is a soft polyester or polyamide knit with a deep pile texture.

Fabric is easy to sew and the garment pieces can be sewn together with an over locker.


180 – 400 g/m2

Yarn Type:

100% Polyester
Polyester blends
100% Polyamide
Polyamide blends


Outdoor jackets
Neck warmers

Fleece Knit Fabric

Fleece knit fabric is the most common knitted fabric we use for the construction of our casual apparel, like sweatshirts, sweatpants, hoodies, tracksuits and etc.  It absorbs moisture efficiently while also drying fast and keeping the body warm during fall/winter seasons.


 280 – 360 gsm

Yarn Type:

Polyester blend
Cotton blend
100% Organic Cotton (only combed)
Organic Cotton blends
Cotton (Re-cycled, Combed or Carded)
Re-cycled Cotton Polyester blends


Outdoor jackets
Neck warmers

French Terry Knit Fabric

French Terry is a type of weft insertion jersey.
The piles on the fabric are not napped and the technical back of the fabric is used as face side.
French Terry has loops or piles on one side only.
The piles of the French Terry are much shorter when compared to usual Terry.


240 – 280 gsm

Yarn Type:

Polyester blend
Cotton blend
100% Organic Cotton (only  combed)
Organic Cotton blends
Cotton (Re-cycled, Combed or Carded)
Re-cycled Cotton Polyester blends


Casual Apparel

Jersey Knit Fabric

Jersey knit fabric is most common knitted fabric that consists entirely of plain jersey courses.
Jersey knit has high stretch and bounces back to its natural, un-stretched shape fast, without distorting the fabric’s structure. One of jersey’s attributes is that it stretches well both lengthwise and crosswise, although its crosswise stretch is higher than that in lengthwise direction. 


 140 – 240 gsm

Yarn Type:

Polyester blend
Cotton blend
100% Organic Cotton (only  combed)
Organic Cotton blends
Cotton (Re-cycled, Combed or Carded)
Re-cycled Cotton Polyester blends
Rayon blends , Viscose blends


Casual Apparel
Russ Apparel, Corporate

Interlock Knit Fabric

Fleece knit fabric is the most common Interlock Knit Fabric is stretchy fabric knitted with interlocking stitches by alternating sets of needles on a circular knitting machine. Interlock is a very elastic knit with similar right and wrong sides.


140 – 260 gsm

Yarn Type:

Polyester blend
Cotton blend
100% Organic Cotton (only combed)
Organic Cotton blends
Cotton (Re-cycled, Combed or Carded)
Re-cycled Cotton Polyester blends
Rayon blends , Viscose blends


Casual Apparel

Slub Knit Fabric

Slub is defined as a soft lump or thick irregular place in yarn or fabric which actually considered as a defect on the fabric. Slub yarns can be used on different knit variations like Jersey, Interlock, Sweatshirt Fleece, French Terry and etc.


90 – 350 gsm

Yarn Type:

Polyester blend
Cotton blend
100% Organic Cotton (only combed)
Organic Cotton blends
Cotton (Re-cycled, Combed or Carded)
Re-cycled Cotton Polyester blends
Rayon blends , Viscose blends


Casual Apparel
Hoodies & Sweatshirts

Rib Knit Fabric

Rib knit fabrics are reversible with distinct vertical ribs on both sides produced by alternating knit and purl stitches. Ribs can be small (1×1, that is, one knit stitch followed by one purl stitch), thick, (2×2 or 3×3), or uneven (2×3, for example).

It is used mainly for cuffs, neckbands and waistbands on our clothing.


150 – 400 gsm

Yarn Type:

Polyester blend
Cotton blend
100% Organic Cotton (only combed)
Organic Cotton blends
Cotton (Re-cycled, Combed or Carded)
Re-cycled Cotton Polyester blends
Rayon blends , Viscose blends
Wool blends, Acrylic blends


Casual Apparel
Russ Apparel, Corporate

Double Face Knit Fabric

Double-faced fabrics are also fabrics where either side can be used, but unlike double cloth, these fabrics have only one layer of fabric and cannot be separated.

The types of Double Faced Knit fabrics are endless and are found in the polyester, viscose, cotton and knit departments, and at all price points.


180 – 450 gsm

Yarn Type:

Polyester blend
Cotton blend
100% Organic Cotton (only combed)
Organic Cotton blends
Cotton (Re-cycled, Combed or Carded)
Re-cycled Cotton Polyester blends
Rayon blends , Viscose blends


Casual Apparel

Velour Knit Fabric

During the knitting process of velour knitted fabric, the yarns are knitted into loops to make a pile weave, and then the small loops are sheared evenly and brushed.

Velour Knitted Fabric is luxurious and was the power fabric of the 70’s. Despite its luxurious finish, velour knitted fabric is typically made from cotton or can even be made from synthetics such as polyester.


90 – 350 gsm

Yarn Type:

Polyester blend
Cotton blend
100% Organic Cotton (only combed)
Organic Cotton blends
Cotton (Re-cycled, Combed or Carded)
Re-cycled Cotton Polyester blends
Modal blends


Casual Apparel
Russ Apparel

Pique Knit Fabric

Pique Knit fabric is in which interlock is knitted in the first and fourth courses, while the second and fifth courses are half-gauge jersey courses knitted on one side of the fabric, and the third and sixth courses are half-gauge jersey courses knitted on the other side. Pique refers to the knitting style characterized by the raised parallel cords. Mainly knitted of cotton, pique knit fabric has accepted to be breathable, durable and easily cared for, as its dobby textured does not show sweat stains.


120 – 260 gsm

Yarn Type:

Polyester blend
Cotton blend
100% Organic Cotton (only combed)
Organic Cotton blends
Cotton (Re-cycled, Combed or Carded)
Re-cycled Cotton Polyester blends
Rayon blends


Casual Apparel

Fabric Finishes & Treatments

At Texstyle our aim is to provide high quality fabrics regardless what type of apparel you choose.

This can be achieved from the several fabric finishes & treatments processes which can be applied onto the fabric to obtain the special look and feel, and enhance the appearance & performance of the fabric.

We have listed some of the most common finishes and treatments applied on our common fabrics and which you can consider for your custom made fabrics. 

Acid Wash
A process of washing fabric with pumice stone soaked in special chemicals (a bleach solution, not acid) to change the appearance of the fabric and bring it softness and flexibility.

Anti Bacterial finish
This finishing process gives the fabric protection against odor-causing bacteria. It will retard the growth of bacteria.

This finish is used to control bacterial growth and hence prevent odor.

Anti-pill Finish
This is a special finish given to prevent pilling – forming little balls on the surface of the fabric. All our standard and premium materials has been treated with this process.

This finish prevents the dyed color from migrating on any other material. This process is standard applied to all our fleece knit fabrics for Russ Apparel.

Treatments used to reduce a fabric’s tendency to shrink in size. Techniques include sponging, steaming, machine shrinking, cold-water shrinking and resin applications.

Anti-Static Finish
This finish prevents static build up in a fabric and also helps to give it a soft drape.

Brushed Finish
This is a finish in which the surface is brushed and raised so that it feel soft. A common process on fleece knit fabrics.

The process of removing all color from clothes to make it look white or faded with the help of bleach; fabric can also be partly bleached. In fabric manufacturing, this is done as a pretreatment process with bleaching agents.

This is the name of an ironing process that adds sheen to a fabric. A watered look is given to fabrics. The fabric is folded in half and passed under rollers / calendars at high temperatures and pressures – the variation in the pressure produces a ripple effect on the surface.

A highly glazed finish applied on the surface of the fabric.

Color Fastness
This is the ability of a fabric to retain the dyes in the fibers even after repeated washing. If a fabric is made colorfast it will not fade in future washing

This is a cleaning process that removes short fibers and arranges long fibers in parallel order and removes any impurities so that you get a fabric which is very soft and resist pilling. Combed cotton is a very soft and smooth.

This is a process that reduces space between fabric fiber pockets. This is done to prevent fabric shrinkage.

A process which protects the fabric from bad smell

DWR (Durable Water)
This is a finishing process to increase durability and give water resistance Resistant)A common process applied on Carp & Fishing waterproofs clothing.

This refers to giving the fabric a worn faded or wrinkled look,  as if from long, steady use.

Enzyme Wash
This is a washing process that uses a cellulose-based solution to give a look of a stonewashed or acid washed fabric. This is easier on the fabric than stonewashing or acid washing. It makes the fabric very soft on the surface; this wash can also remove color of the fabric.

Flame retardant
This is a finish applied to fabric surface to reduce its tendency to burn and reduce flame spread finish. A common process applied on our Corporate wear materials.

Fine natural or synthetic fiber is applied after a base fabric has been made. Can be all or over or in particular areas.

Hydrophilic Finish
This is a process of increasing wicking and quick evaporation of perspiration from the fabric. A common process applied on waterproof materials.

Laminated fabric
This is a finish which adds a laminated layer to fabric that will make it waterproof. Laminated cotton is an example.

This is a process which fiber ends are brought to the surface of the fabric with the help of brushing so that it becomes soft.

This is technique applied during manufacturing to  velvet to make it look lustrous. The pile is pressed flat in one direction with a roller so that it gets a crushed look – this gives the surface a high luster.

Peach Finish
This is a finish which makes the fabric very soft by making it undergo abrasion or using a chemical.

This refers to fabric being washed before it is made into products so that shrinkage can be reduced. The sizing is removed in the wash giving it a better drape and softness

This is a process by which the extra protruding fibers are cut from the fabric surface so that it looks smooth. This eliminates the tendency to pill.

Silicone Finish
This is a special finished which is applied to make it resistant to water and oil-borne stains.

Slubs effect
Slubs refers to soft, thick, uneven nubs you can see on the fabric surface. It is a defect in weaving but nowadays because of their desirability in fashion slubs are engineered for their decorative textured effect – slub knit cotton is a very popular dressmaking fabric. Small tufts of fibers are brought to the surface of the fabric that look like true slubs made during weaving, randomly or in a pattern.

This refers to all processes that prevent fabrics from shrinking or stretching

Stone washing
A process of washing the fabric (especially heavy fabric like denim, canvas) with stones so that they look worn and to fade colors; stone washing can give softness and flexibility to these fabrics

Shrinkage control
Finishes that minimize fabric tension during finishing to reduce shrinkage during washing/laundering.

Stain resistant finishes
As the name suggests this one resists any stains. There are many branded finishes like Green shield, Scotch guard, Teflon, Zepel, NanoTex, Crypton Green.

Abrasive wash, chemical wash, enzyme wash to change the texture of the fabric and create irregularities and result in a worn look.

Waterproof finish
This finish makes the fabric completely resistant to water penetration. The different types of waterproof coatings given to fabric which make it water resistant include Microporous Coatings (This gives a coating of microporous polyurethane, followed by a second coat of solid polyurethane used to finish the microporous layer and then fluorocarbon for water repellency); these fabrics are used to make rainwear, cycling apparel etc. This coating is given to the inside of the fabric; Microporous Laminates (this process involves laminating the surface after applying a coating of polyurethane coating)

Water-repellent finish
This include finishes applied to fabric which makes it repel water, without making it impervious to it. The process is supposed to produce a fabric that will resist water but at the same time breathe i.e. does not entirely prevent the absorption of water.

Fabric Terms

A – B – C – D – E – F – G – H – I – J – K – L – M – N – O – P – Q – R – S – T – U – V – W – X – Y– Z

1×1 Rib
Also 2×2 rib knit trim. The width of each rib is the same as the width between each rib. This helps the garment retain its elasticity.

A –

The ability of a fabric to take in moisture.

A manufactured fiber derived from polyacrylonitrile. Acrylic is soft, quick-drying, and resistant to shrinkage and wrinkles. The durable fiber is machine washable and dryable with excellent color retention.

Materials that cause fabrics, yarns or fibers to stick together. 

Apparel decoration application created when material is cut out and sewn, embroidered or pasted onto another material.

A pattern designed with different color diamond shapes knit into a fabric.

B –

when a fabric or yarn loses it color after being immersed in water.

A term used to describe a garment made up of more than 1 fiber.

Refers to air flowing through the pores of a fabric.

A finishing process in which circular rotating brushes raise the nap on knit or woven fabrics.

Bleach wash: 
The process of washing fabric or a garment with bleach to soften and distress the look of the fabric.

Brushed Cotton: 
Cotton fabric that is brushed to remove all the excess lint and fibers from the fabric, leaving an ultra-soft, smooth finish.

C –

A luxury fiber obtained from the soft fleecy undergrowth of the Kashmir goat.

Cotton or linen fabric with an even weave that is heavy and firm.

A woven lightweight, extremely sheer, airy, and soft fabric containing highly twisted yarns or fibers. 

Describes a dyed fabric’s ability to resist fading from washing, exposure to sunlight, and other environmental conditions.

Combed Cotton
Cotton yarn that has been combed to remove short fibers and straighten or arrange longer fibers in parallel order resulting in a smooth yarn used in finer garments.

A fiber cleaning process in yarn spinning.

Cut pile fabric woven with either wide or narrow wales formed by using extra filling. Back may be either plain or twill weave, the latter being better quality.

Raw cotton is natural fiber grown from a seed pod in the cotton plant. It is cut at different lengths to form different types of cotton. Fibers longer than 1 1/2 inch, including the Pima and Egyptian varieties, produce the highest quality cotton fabrics. Cotton is soft, breathable, durable, absorbent, and helps hold colors well after repeated washing. Cotton is a popular fabric worn by people with sensitive skin.

A shrinkage control technique used in fabric manufacturing.

D –

The weight measurement of filament yarns and fibers. The low numbers represent the finer sizes and the higher numbers, the heavier yarns.

Tightly woven twill cotton fabric made with different colored yarns.

A mechanical attachment on a loom that controls the harness for the weaving of geometric figures.

Double Knit Fabric
A knit fabric of double thickness. 

Double Weave
A woven fabric construction made by interlacing two or more sets of (warp) vertical yarns with two or more sets of filling yarns.

The ability of fabric to resist wear, and loss of material through continual use.

Direct embroidery
The process of sewing a name or design directly to a garment.

E –

Enzyme washed
A process of washing using organic substances that cause transformation or accelerate the aging of dyes.

A characteristic of woven or knitted fibers, which enables the fiber to return to the original shape after being stretched.

Elasticized Fabric
Fabrics that have elastic thread running through them.

A mechanical finishing process used to create raised figures or designs on fabric surfaces. Fabrics are engraved with the use of heated rollers under pressure to create the raised effect.

An embellishment or ornamental designs on a garment made when colored threads are sewn onto the fabric. Embroidery can be done either by hand or machine.

A process in which fabric is passed over emery covered cylinders to make the surface smooth like suede.

A type of fabric that is designed with patterned cut-outs where stitching or embroidery is commonly applied in order to prevent the fabric from raveling. Baseball caps are made with eyelets for ventilation.

F –


A fabric interlocking fibers made possible through chemicals, moisture and heat without spinning, weaving or knitting. Felt is made of a variety of fibers like wool, hair or fur.

A unit of natural or manufactured material, which is twisted or spun into yarn and used in the production of fabric and other textile structures.

Manufactured fibers, that have been specifically engineered to use as filler material for pillows, mattresses, mattress pads, sleeping bags, comforters, quilts, and outerwear. Polyester fibers are widely used fillers.

A medium weight plain or twill weave fabric that is typically made from cotton, a cotton blend, or wool.

Flat Knit Fabric
Fabrics knitted on a flat machine instead of a circular knit machine.

Fabric with a thick, heavy surface resembling sheep wool. Features a pile of napped fabric with either woven or knitted construction.

Full Cut
Refers to a garment’s fit as being generous and roomy.

G –

Garment dyed
Apparel dyed in garment form rather than fabric form. This is a popular fashion treatment used by designers. 

Garment washed 
After a garment is sewn it is washed to cut down on shrinkage and add softness to the garment. 

H –


The tactile qualities of a fabric. The way it feels to the touch – soft, firm, elastic, etc.

Heat Transfer Printing
A method of printing fibers with disperse dyes. The design is transferred from pre-printed paper onto the fabric by contact heat, and then the dyes are absorbed by the fabric. Heat Transfer is great for producing clear, very well-defined images.

Fabric woven with a long float yarn that creates the look-a-like cell of a honeycomb. Also referred to as waffle.

I –

A plain-stitched knit fabric which looks the same on both sides. Often used for T-shirts and golf shirts. 

J –


Woven-in pattern created by a special loom. A raised design or pattern woven into the fabric as opposed to being printed on the fabric. 

Jersey knit
A single-knit, plain-stitched fabric with a face side that is markedly different from the back side. 

K –

Fabrics constructed by interlocking a series of loops by hand or machine. Knitted fabrics tend to mold and fit easily to body shape woven fabrics, in contrast, drape. 

L –


Open work fine fabric of a network of threads made in a variety of designs by intricate manipulation of the fiber by machine or hand.

Linen is obtained from inside the woody stem of the flax plant. Linen fabrics are strong, very cool and absorbent, but wrinkle very easily, unless blended with manufactured fibers.

Lining is a fabric used to cover the inside of a garment. Generally lining is made of a smooth fabric.

A machine used for weaving fabrics.

Lycra® Spandex
An elastomeric fiber that is blended with other fibers. Can stretch 500 percent without breaking. Holds dyes well and is resistant to heat. Trademark owned by Du Pont.

M –

A treatment of fine cotton yarn or fabric that increases shine, luster and strength. Its ability to absorb dyes produces vibrant colors.

Mesh fabric is available in a variety of constructions and is characterized by its net-like open appearance, and the spaces between the yarns.

Soft, lightweight fabric with a silky feel. Microfiber is shrink-resistant, durable and provides protection against the wind, rain and cold.

Moisture Transfer
The movement of water or sweat from one side of a fabric to the other.

N –

Versatile type of synthetic rubber with a good resistance to oil, chemicals, and flames.

Non-woven fabrics
Materials that are produced by interlocking or bonding fabrics together.

Completely synthetic fiber known for his high strength, superior flexibility and excellent resilience. Quick-drying nylon fabric is naturally hydrophobic and resistant to shrinkage and wrinkling.

O –

Ottoman knit
A horizontal raised rib textured knit. 

Oxford weave
A group of cotton or man-made fabrics made with a modified plain weave or basket weave. Mainly used as shirting material. 

P –

An internationally recognized numerical standard of color matching artwork for reproduction on an item.

A tightly woven medium weight, plain weave or spun fabric with a low to medium thread count. Printed cotton woven in a plain weave.

Pigment dye:
Washed down colors that will continue to soften and age with washing. Great for outdoor and casual looks. 

A ball of fibers that appear on the surface of a fabric as a result of wear or continued friction or rubbing.

Knit fabric with raised lengthwise “cords” which are part of the weave. 

Different color fabrics crossing each other to form various size squares.

Plain Weave
The basic criss-cross method of weaving cloth. 

Fabric produced from 2 yarns of different colors, characters or qualities. Used in knitted fabric with one kind of yarn on the face of the fabric and another on the back.

The number of single yarns twisted together to form ply yarn; also the number of ply yarns twisted together to form cord. By twisting two or more yarns together, a stronger single yarn is created. 

Manufactured fiber that is synthesized or made from chemicals. Polyester has high strength (although somewhat lower than nylon), excellent resiliency, and high abrasion resistance. The low absorbency allows the fiber to dry quickly.

A blend of cotton and polyester (bi-blend) in poplin weave. 

Q –


Created when a layer of padding, fiberfill or down is placed between two layers of fabric and held in together by stitching or sealing.

R –

Raglan sleeves 
Sleeves are all one piece from collar to cuff, allowing for ease of movement.

Manufactured fiber composed of regenerated cellulose. Different types of rayon include viscose rayon (made from wood chips) cup ammonium rayon made from cotton linters. 

The ability of a fabric to resist wetting and staining.

The ability of a fabric to spring back to its original shape after being twisted, crushed, wrinkled, or distorted in any way.

Rib Knit
A textured knit that has the appearance of vertical lines. It is highly elastic and retains “memory”.

Ring Spun Yarn
Yarn made by continuously twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibers. The twisting makes the short hairs of cotton stand out, resulting in a stronger yarn with a significantly softer hand.

Rip Stop nylon
Nylon taffeta with double yarns creating the box pattern to provide extra strength and resistance to tearing. 

S –

Sand wash 
The process of washing fabric or a garment with sand to soften and distress the look of the fabric. 

A traditional fabric utilizing a type of weave which gives a garment a smooth lustrous surface with a dull back. Commonly used in the construction of evening wear and wedding gowns.

Screen Printing
A method of printing comparable to using a stencil. The background design is painted on the screen with printing paste and the dye is printed through the exposed fabric. Different colors require separate screens.

Seam sealing

A process in which the stitch line of a garment is made leak proof by the application of seam tape or seam-sealing glue. 

Terms refers to the amount of size reduction in a 100% cotton item. Most 100% items have been pre-shrunk and no more than a 4-5% shrinkage should be expected.

Silicone washed 
A process of washing using silicones that increase softness.

Silk Screening
Creating a stencil design on a screen of silk or other fine fabric, then a resistant substance and ink is forced through the cloth onto the printing surface.

A natural fiber from a cocoon of the silkworm. Most silk is collected from cultivated silk worms and woven into fine, yet strong fabric. The natural resilience makes it wrinkle resistant.

A manufactured elastomeric fiber in which the fiber forming substance is a long chain of synthetic polymer made of at least 85% of a segmented polyurethane (FTC Definition) Spandex is lightweight, soft static resistant and can be repeatedly stretched over 500% without breaking, and will still recover to its original length.

Stone wash
The process of washing fabric or a garment with stone to soften and distress the look of the fabric. 

Method used for printing. A loss of material because of surface evaporation of a solid. Some colors lose dye by sublimation.

Leather that has been buffed, brushed, napped or sanded to create a soft and fuzzy surface.

Suede Fabric
Woven or knitted cloth fabric finished to look like suede leather.

A small piece of fabric used to represent garment.

T –

A lustrous plain weave fabric with a smooth feel and slightly ribbed appearance.

Taped Seams
A strip of fabric sewn to the seam of a garment to prevent distortion. In outerwear, taped seams aid in waterproofing.

A soft fabric designed with 2 sets of vertical yarns, one is woven tightly and the other is left loose to form the loops.

Thread Count
Actual number of vertical and horizontal threads in a fabric construction. Common term used to describe bedding.

A vertical stretch knitted fabric in which the fabric is formed by interloping adjacent parallel yarns.

A thick wool or wool blend fabric woven with dyed yarns.

Twill Weave
A basic and distinct weave vertical yarns passing over 1 or 2 horizontal yarns then under 2 or more. Interlacing the yarns in a progressive alternation creates a diagonal effect on the fabric.

U –

V –

Nylon strips treated to stick to each other. VELCRO® is commonly used as closures on clothing fabrics and footwear.

A closely woven fabric with a thick soft feels.

Created using two sets of vertical yarns. Velvet, a luxurious fabric, is commonly made with a filament fiber for high luster and smooth feel.

Virgin Wool
Wool that has never been processed, woven or refined into fabric.

The most common type of rayon.

W –


Fabric with a honeycomb weave.

Lengthwise yarns found in all woven fabrics. The warp is stronger and denser than the weft (crosswise) yarns. 

A term used to describe fabrics or garments with closed pores, so water or air will not pass through.

Fabrics that can shed water but are allow air to pass through. The fabrics are made by treating material with resin, wax or a plastic finish.

A design or pattern created by intersecting vertical and horizontal threads with each other.

Threads that run horizontally in a fabric.

Usually measured in ounces per yard. 

Wick ability
The ability of a material to spread moisture out and allow it to pass through a fabric surface so that evaporation can take place. 

Thick and soft hair from the coat of a sheep, lamb, and other animals such as a Cashmere or Angora goat. Different types of animal hair are used and graded for their color, length, fineness.

The ability of a fabric to resist the formation of wrinkles when folded.

X –

Y –

A continuous strand of natural or synthetic threads twisted together and used to weave or knit garments.

Yarns that were dyed before knitting or weaving into fabric.

Z –